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Fahrelnissa ZEID

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(Istanbul, 1901 – Amman, 1991)

Fahr-el-Nissa Zeid was born in 1901 in Istanbul. Her father, Shakir Pasha, the brother of the grand Vizier, Cevat Pasha, was an historian, teacher and diplomat. Shakir and Cevat Pasha played a major role in the historical culture of their country.

At the age of 19, Fahr-el-Nissa-Zeid was among the first women to attend the Academy of Fine Art in Istanbul and, in 1920, she married the writer and president of the emperor’s Ottoman company of tobacco, Izzet Melieh Devrin. In 1928, she moved to Paris to pursue her studies at the Académie Ranson – Ranson Academy – with Bissière as a teacher. She moved back to Istanbul in 1930, where she worked as an independent artist.

Like many Turkish intellectuals of that time, Fahr el Nissa Zeid and her husband joined the Mustafa Kemal movement that later led to the development of the Republic.

Following the dissolution of her first marriage, Fahr el Nissa Zeid married the prince of the House of Hashim, Prince Zeid, in Bagdad. One of his brothers was the Transjordan Emir Abdulla, grandfather of the present king of Jordan, another brother, Faisal, later became King of Irak.

The Zeid couple lived successively in Ankara, where Prince Zeid was an ambassador, in Berlin between 1934 and 1938, in Budapest between 1939 and 1940, before finally coming back to Istanbul where the Princess decided to fully commit to her painting career in 1941.

Her first exhibition took place in 1944 in her own apartment. In 1947, she moved  to London where she had several exhibitions, one of which was attended by Queen Elisabeth.

Around the same time, she bought a studio in rue de Grenelle, in Paris, and actively participated in discussions regarding the abstract movement of the Second School of Paris. She exhibited at Colette Alendy and Dina Vierny and was strongly supported by the critic Charles Estienne. Fahr-el-Nissa Zeid led a double life between Paris and Badgad until the Hashemite royal house was overthrown and her husband, the only survivor, joined her in Paris.

Following the death of the Prince in 1970, Princess Zeid joined her family in Amman where she created the Fahr-el-Nissa Zeid Institute of Fine Art. Fahr-el-Nissa Zeid died in 1991 in Amman.

By combining, in an exuberant abstract style, her oriental influences – such as Islamic and Byzantine art – with her discoveries and studies of abstract art, conducted in the Western World, Fahr-el-Nissa Zeid’s work reflects the exuberance of the story of her art and her life.

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Copyright Galerie Dina Vierny 2017